This scientific monography “System dynamic modelling in bioeconomy sector” offers an insight into biotechonomy and its modelling using system dynamic. The system dynamic model presented portrays the potential options for bioresource utilization in the production of high added value products according to principles of sustainable development. An analysis has been carried out of the sectors modelled to indicate interaction between bioresources, biotechnologies and bioproducts. A system dynamic model has been created for a variety of agricultural and livestock bioresources and their manufacturing options for deriving high added value products. This scientific monography is dedicated to scientists, entrepreneurs and other interested parties. The intent is to exhibit system dynamic modeling as well as the potential of bioresource utilization for macroeconomic and microeconomic development.