The Council of Europe holds a view that free access to the scientific information in higher education, science, and research is very significant and promotes society development.
The most important documents:
Recommendations of the European Commission on OA issue (July 17, 2012)
ROARMAP comprises information on several world institution policies regarding OA issue and their repositories: http://roarmap.eprints.org/
EC 7th framework programme project – OpenAIRE
The project is envisaged to ensure open access to the research project publications within the EC 7th framework programme in definite fields, supporting, creating and popularizing the OA infrastructure, helping the scientists deposit and access the FP7 project researches.